Health and Safety in Qatar
The Hamad Medical Corporation is the main health care provider in the emirate. It was created by decree and is a non-profit organization. The HMC manages four specialized hospitals, the Hamad General Hospital, Rumailah, Psychiatric and Women's Hospital. Primary Health Care Centers are also located in various parts of the country. Qatari cities and towns have at least one hospital with fully equip modern facilities. There are also private hospitals in which the first one started operations in late 1999. Private hospitals and clinics offer various specialized treatments to its patients.
The doctor to patient ratio is manageable. Qatar residents are given either free or subsidized treatments at government hospitals. In order to avail of the free or subsidized service, they must register for the health card and present it at the time of treatment. Among the Middle East countries, the emirate places second best in health statistics next only to Israel. Nevertheless obesity is a problem and the life expectancy of a Qatari is the shortest among the Arabic Gulf States.
Qatar unfortunately has the highest per-capita carbon dioxide emission of 55.5 metric tons per person based on 2005 data. Malaria and Tuberculosis are health problems in Qatar but most, if not all, contract malaria outside the emirate. Road traffic accidents have claimed a high rate of injuries, disabilities and deaths. Between 95% and 98% of children less than one year had been immunized based on 2008 data. Access to clean water and sanitation is available to all in Qatar.