Health and Safety in Kyrgyzstan

In the past decades, Kyrgyzstan struggled to improve health conditions of its inhabitants. The Ministry of Health is given the political mandate to provide relevant policies and programs. Social and economic concerns though restrained efficient implementation of health reforms.

Nutrition is an alarming issue across the country especially for kids. In particular, 60% of deaths among children under five years old are attributed to malnutrition. Limited intake of nutrients, vitamins, and minerals has been observed along certain developmental stages (conception, infancy, and early childhood). Also, congenital and respiratory ailments along with other complications triggered child mortality rate.

Existing medical situation aggravated national health issues since 1991. There are 588 outpatient clinics, 246 general hospitals, and 20 specialized hospitals established. These facilities are but scarce considering an estimated average of 1% population increase each year. Also, there is an initial estimate of 15,000 doctors and 40,000 paramedics in the area. However, exodus of medical practitioners due to unattractive compensation system can further trim down the scant number.

Medication is critical in the discharge of medical services. Kyrgyz have limited access to pharmaceutical resources. Drugs are commonly imported from foreign suppliers at expensive prices. In turn, the State does not have sufficient budgetary allocation to secure pharmaceutical supplies. Kyrgyz nationals are then expected to finance for their own medicinal needs.

Major health problems encountered include diseases such as AIDS, Diphtheria, Measles, Tuberculosis, cancer and physical injuries. In response, intensive awareness, medication, and vaccination programs were launched as preventive rather than curative measures.