In recent years, China has become a popular study abroad destination for students studying a broad range of subjects, including nursing.
China, officially known as the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state located in Eastern Asia. It is easily the world's most populous country, boasting a population of just over 1.35 billion. China is a single-party state governed by the Communist Party, with its seat of government located in the capital city of Beijing. The country is made up of 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau). The People’s Republic of China additionally claims Taiwan – which is controlled by the Republic of China (ROC), a separate political entity – as its 23rd province, a claim which is controversial due to the complex political status of Taiwan.
Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers, China is the world's third-largest country by total area. Its landscape is vast and diverse, ranging from forest steppes and the Gobi and Taklamakan deserts in the arid north to subtropical forests in the wetter south. The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from South and Central Asia, while the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third- and sixth-longest rivers in the world, run from the Tibetan Plateau to the densely populated eastern seaboard. China's coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 9,000 miles (14,500 kilometers) long, and is bounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East and South China Seas.
Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China has become one of the world's fastest-growing major economies. As of 2013, it is the world's second-largest economy by both nominal total GDP and purchasing power parity (PPP), and is also the world's largest exporter and importer of goods. China has been a member of the United Nations since 1971, when it replaced the Republic of China as a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council. China is also a member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations.
Nursing Education in China
Nursing is a popular field of study in China. As such, nursing education is offered at most of the major universities throughout the country, with programs leading to diplomas and certificates, as well as both undergraduate (bachelor) and graduate (master’s) level degrees.
To qualify for admission into one of the many undergraduate nursing programs in China, students must, at minimum, possess a secondary school diploma and meet the university’s admission requirements, which may or may not entail an entrance examination of some kind. Those students pursuing a Master of Science degree in Nursing must possess a baccalaureate degree in order to be considered for admission. Once admitted to the undergraduate nursing program, students are classified as nursing students and will be required to take approximately 240 credits over a four year span; credits that will cover both general education classes (mathematics, composition, science, social sciences, etc) and nursing-specific coursework.
Some of the core courses students can expect to encounter while studying for their undergraduate degree in nursing include:
Anatomy and Physiology
Developmenta l Psychology
Nutrit ion and Health
And many more…
Students who elect to pursue a Master’s degree in nursing can narrow the focus of their study program and concentrate on one particular nursing specialty, such as pediatric nursing, oncology nursing, public health or nursing administration. Master degree students are also required to develop a capstone project or Master’s thesis prior to graduation. All nursing degree holders must take the national licensing examination in China prior to practicing nursing in an accredited medical facility or hospital.
Why Study Abroad in China
As the economy of China has improved over recent years, waves of students have opted to study abroad in this proud nation—individuals who have come to recognize China’s current and future importance on the world stage. As the country becomes increasingly more modern, the educational programs for international students have improved markedly, and today China boasts some of the finest universities in the world.
China also offers plenty of things to do and see outside of the universities—sites and attractions students can explore when they get a break from their classroom studies. Some of the more popular Chinese attractions include:
The Forbidden City
The Forbidden City, or Palace Museum, sits at the center of Beijing—China’s capital city—directly north of Tiananmen Square, where the famous portrait of Mao Zedong hangs on the palatial crimson wall. It was the imperial seat for Ming and Qing dynasty emperors from 1420 until 1912, when the last emperor, Pu Yi, abdicated the throne. It was also named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.
The Great Wall
The world-renowned Great Wall of China winds its way across the countryside covering over 5,500 miles (8,850 km) in total. While the latest construction occurred after 1368 during the Ming Dynasty, construction of the Great Wall actually began over 2,000 years ago. In fact, the Great Wall is actually made up of a number of interconnecting walls—walls that the various dynasties and warlords constructed over the years.
The Terracotta Warriors
Discovered in 1974, when a local farmer was digging a well, the terracotta army, buried in 210 BC with the first emperor of the Qin dynasty, is a breathtaking site. The thousands of life-size figures have individually unique faces and hair and armor styles appropriate to their rank. The museum of the Terracotta Army is located in the city of Xi’an, in the Shanxi province.
Karst Mountains in Yangshuo
Illustrating the 20 Renminbi
(Chinese currency) note, the Karst Mountains are a famous and beautiful part of the Chinese landscape. Located in the south of China in Guangxi province, they can best be viewed from Yangshuo, a small town outside Guilin, a major city in Guangxi Province.
Hangzhou - Paradise on Earth
Nicknamed China's "Paradise on Earth," Hangzhou is a lovely city adjacent to the famed West Lake. This green city is full of gardens, tranquil temples and pavilions, with scores of bustling historic streets to explore. The hills surrounding the city grow the famous longjing
variety of green tea. Although Hangzhou lies in close proximity to the crowds and noise of Shanghai, it is a much more laid-back and slower-paced cultural city.