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The Languages spoken in Ghana

As there are more than 60 ethnic groups present in the country, each having their own language and dialect, Ghana has listed more than 70 languages which are up to present being used by every group in the country. However, the Bureau of Ghana Languages which was established in 1951 lists only 9 languages which are sponsored by the government. These 9 languages are: Akan (most widely spoken throughout the country), Dagaare (spoken in Upper West region and in Burkina Faso), Dangwe (spoken in Greater Accra), Dagbani (spoken in the Northern region), Ewe (spoken by more than 2 million people in Volta region), Ga (spoken in the southeast and in Accra), Gonja (spoken in Wa and in the Northern Region), Kasem (spoken in the Upper East region), and Nzema (spoken in the Western region and in some parts of Côte d’ Ivoire). Aside from these languages, the Hausa is also a widely spoken language in the country as the Ghanaian muslims use it as their lingua franca.

English is the official language of Ghana despite the numerous native languages that the Ghanaian people have. It is the language officially used in the government, in business communications, and in education as a medium of instruction. However, Ghanaian languages and other foreign languages are also taught in school in the Basic Education level. Ghanaian languages are compulsory during the primary school level up to the senior secondary school level. French is a popular 3rd language spoken by about 13% of the Ghanaians. English has been the language used in primary school level since the year 2002.  


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